One of the most popular and the trendiest game played by India is Kabaddi. Kabaddi is often termed as “game of the masses” because of its simplicity and tremendous public appeal.
In India the sport traces its root to the state of Tamil Nadu where it is called ‘Kai-pidi,’ which means holding hands.
India has won number of trophies and carved their names and this process is still going on…
A game of two teams and twelve players where one is raiders and the opponent is anti-raiders is Kabaddi. It is primarily an Indian game being 4,000 years old.
It is a team sport requiring team spirit, skill and zeal which combines characteristics of wrestling and rugby. It is a recreational form of combat training in which both the teams take the either side of the court and then play. You need to touch or capture the players of the opponent team and come back in your side of the court to win the match.
Kabaddi was originally meant to develop self defence with the reflexes and responses by the competitor. It is a simple, reasonable and easy to play game which is played with less equipment and it neither requires a massive playing area. This sport is expanded to urban as well as rural areas making it popular all over in Asia and is played with minor variations.
This sport is played all over India by various names i.e. Chedugudu or Hu-Tu-Tu in southern parts of India, Hadudu (Men) and Chu - Kit-Kit (women) in eastern India, and Kabaddi in northern India.
This sport is also popular in neighboring countries like Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Nepal and Bhutan. Five players are set as reserve in the team of twelve players whereas seven are played in court. There is no bonus point in this game.
Famous players of Kabaddi are Mohit Chillar, Manjeet Chillar, Rahul Chaudhari, Anup Kumar, Pardeep Narwal and many other prominent leaders of Indian teams of India and U-Mumba, India and Patna Pirates etc. who has propelled the sport to newer, greater that nobody could have ever imagined.
Types of Kabaddi recognized in India:-
Played under the Kabaddi Federation of India and governed by the rules and regulations, the Surjeevani form is a type in which one player is revived against his opponent from the other team who is out i.e. one out and one in. All the strategies, number of players, dimensions of court, duration of the game are set up the Kabaddi federation of India.
In this type of Kabaddi, there is no time limit in this category as there is no revival. When all the players of team are out, the game ends.
Whenever any player is touched while following this type, he does not go out of the court, but stays inside, and one point is awarded to the team that touched him. Similarly, one point is awarded for each touch of the opposite team, i.e. to the team who touches the anti player or his opponent. This game is also played on a time basis, i.e. the time is fixed.
Modern day kabaddi is a synthesis of all these styles with a few modifications in rules and regulations.
The best fact about Kabaddi is that it is the only sport in which both Indian teams including both men and women have won trophies since the time it came into existence.